The unseen participation of both ancestral and spiritual forces also lightens the workload. Discussion of the Literature Africa is a culturally diverse continent with a variegated history.
Although metallurgy and mining played an important role in the political economy of African communities of various time periods, the status of miners, smelters, and smiths varied from context to context.
Shifting to East Africa, Kikuyu women panned magnetite sands, which were smelted to produce iron in the late 19th century.
The Voodoo watches over the village. Pottery is a common artisan activity in the region. Figures depicting a slave trade procession, Republic of Benin, West Africa.
Across Africa, the technology of copper and iron smelting remained remarkably the same and involved the reduction of ores in charcoal-fueled furnaces of various sizes and types. Get directions Call: In areas where mining and smelting were concentrated in specific areas, often large-scale evidence accumulated on the landscape. Craddock Eds.
Blacksmithing among the Mande is endogamous, meaning that only those born into blacksmithing families are eligible for the long apprenticeship into the craft. Miller, Duncan, and David Killick. Benin photo credits. The Study of Preindustrial Mining and Metallurgy.
DAY 9. Citation Ross, Emma George. The process was self-fluxing such that the fuel-ash and melting-furnace wall performed the role of a flux. PAVE Video 1997. Witness a voodoo ceremony in a nearby village.
Alpern, Stanley B. In the Cameroon—Nigeria border area, there existed unique down-draft furnaces that could produce cast iron, soft iron, and low carbon steels.